“My Father, who has given them to Me…” (John 10:29) – several passages speak of the fact that the Father has given souls to His Son (see John 6:37-39; 10:28-29; 17:11-12; 18:9). The question is: “How does God give to His Son these souls?” The Calvinist assumes the method of giving is a direct, unconditional giving. Let us study.
John 6:37 reads, “All that the Father gives Me will come to Me…” Yet, later in this same chapter we read, “No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him…”(John 6:44). This passage teaches that God draws men to Jesus. How does He do this? Look at the next verse, “It is written in the prophets, ‘And they shall be all taught of God.’ Therefore, everyone who has heard and learned from the Father, comes to Me” (John 6:45). This verse gives us the “how.”
He calls us through the Scriptures (cf. John 5:36-37,39). He calls us by the Gospel (2 Thessalonians 2:14; Romans 10:14-17). The Gospel is for all people (Mark 16:15). God provides the words and the evidence which attracts men to Jesus.
Now we ask, “Who has the Father given unto Jesus?” The answer is found in John 6:39-40. The Father has given unto His Son everyone who sees the Son (this doesn’t omit us for we can behold Him through the Scriptures – Galatians 3:1; Hebrews 2:9; John 20:30-31), and believes in Him (literally those that “keep on believing on him”).
In summation, the kind of person God gives is one that considers the evidence and puts his trust in Jesus. The method of giving is this: the Father provides the words and the evidence to draw men unto Jesus. Nothing in context suggests a direct, unconditional giving.